Revision: 18603
at October 4, 2009 00:50 by freephys

Updated Code
```>>> for s in KnuthMorrisPratt([4,'a',3,5,6], [5,6]): print s
3
>>> for s in KnuthMorrisPratt([4,'a',3,5,6], [5,7]): print s
(nothing)

Here is another KMP implementation:

def seq_in_seq(seq1,seq2):
'''
Return the index where seq1 appears in seq2, or -1 if
seq1 is not in seq2, using the Knuth-Morris-Pratt algorithm

based heavily on code by Neale Pickett <[email protected]>
found at:  woozle.org/~neale/src/python/kmp.py

>>> seq_in_seq(range(3),range(5))
0
>>> seq_in_seq(range(3)[-1:],range(5))
2
>>>seq_in_seq(range(6),range(5))
-1
'''
def compute_prefix_function(p):
m = len(p)
pi = [0] * m
k = 0
for q in xrange(1, m):
while k > 0 and p[k] != p[q]:
k = pi[k - 1]
if p[k] == p[q]:
k = k + 1
pi[q] = k
return pi

t,p = list(tee(seq2)[0]), list(tee(seq1)[0])
m,n = len(p),len(t)
pi = compute_prefix_function(p)
q = 0
for i in range(n):
while q > 0 and p[q] != t[i]:
q = pi[q - 1]
if p[q] == t[i]:
q = q + 1
if q == m:
return i - m + 1
return -1```

Revision: 18602
at October 4, 2009 00:46 by freephys

Initial Code
```>>> for s in KnuthMorrisPratt([4,'a',3,5,6], [5,6]): print s
3
>>> for s in KnuthMorrisPratt([4,'a',3,5,6], [5,7]): print s
(nothing)```

Initial URL
`http://stackoverflow.com/questions/425604?sort=oldest#sort-top`

Initial Description
```This is a generalization of the "string contains substring" problem to (more) arbitrary types.

Given an sequence (such as a list or tuple), what's the best way of determining whether another sequence is inside it? As a bonus, it should return the index of the element where the subsequence starts:

Example usage (Sequence in Sequence):

>>> seq_in_seq([5,6],  [4,'a',3,5,6])
3
>>> seq_in_seq([5,7],  [4,'a',3,5,6])
-1 # or None, or whatever

I second the Knuth-Morris-Pratt algorithm. By the way, your problem (and the KMP solution) is exactly recipe 5.13 in Python Cookbook 2nd edition. You can find the related code at http://code.activestate.com/recipes/117214/

It finds all the correct subsequences in a given sequence, and should be used as an iterator:

For larger ones, look at the Aho-Corasick algorithm.```

Initial Title
`Determine if a Sequence is in another sequence in Python : solution 1`

Initial Tags

Initial Language
`Python`